Greetings for Happy Mother’s Day.
Sex Crimes including Child Sex reports in India over last few months are disturbing the psyche of the common man, politicians, policy makers and specifically the women folk.
The situation induces any thinking man to try to know as to why such heinous crimes happen. A research conducted by Georgia state university in 2012, USA involving 12000 respondents including the victims and criminals. The responses when summarized led to the following few possible cause of rape. Sexual scripts, victim blaming, hostile sexism, biological essentialism, objectification, sociosexuality etc. However the above study doesn’t fit into Indian realities which mostly fall into the category of Power assertive rape, sadistic rape and anger rape.
Rape is the fourth most common crime against women in India. According to the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) 2016,38,947 rape cases were reported across India in 2016. Out of these, 24,470 were committed by someone known to the victim (98% of the cases).
India has been characterized as one of the "countries with the lowest per capita rates of rape". A large number of rapes go unreported. The willingness to report the rape has increased in recent years, after several incidents of rape received widespread media attention and triggered public protest. This led the Government of India to reform its penal code for crimes of rape and sexual assault.
The infamous Unnao Rape in Indian state of Uttar Pradesh will obviously fall into power assertive rape category where rape was committed by a ruling party MLA and went up to the killing of the father of the victim. This confirms the societal divide between the powerful & powerless. The Kathua Rape is one of the worst category of heinous crime against an 8 year old child, will fall into the category of anger rape, where the anger of one community against the other community which the child belonged. The child became the victim to anger of the community. Above all this is an inhuman act against the child committed by multiple numbers of criminals. These kinds of crimes are committed in absence of any deterrent and fear of law. The available laws offers penalty up to life imprisonment. The value of this penalty becomes irrelevant in India due to the slow pace of legal process making the criminals casual and careless about legal consequences. Therefore a legal deterrent of death penalty is obviously called for. However the legal solution cannot be the only solution as the crime is induced by psychological and behavioral factors. Therefore there is a need of huge investment of any state for educating male, female, children and youth to regulate their behavior towards women because in a holistic context protection of the women of the society amounts to protection of your own women: mother, daughter, sister, wife etc.
The situation demands total societal behavior change through awareness creation, and education among masses in a war footing to bring about a change in male mind set. Rightly therefore, PM, Modi has started talking about educating the boys in families to treat girl and women with respect, in addition to bringing in death penalty for rapes against minors through ordinance as a legal recourse to create the desired fear among the criminals. May be, the direction is right, but much more need to be done in the direction with consistency.
Readers will be glad to know that CSR VISION- the pioneering CSR Publication which created a media space in India for CSR & Sustainability has completed its sixth year of Publication. It has been successful in creating a strong foundation of CSR and Sustainability domain in India. An article by the undersigned on the state of CSR in India today is also part of the story.
Happy Reading. Be responsible and promote responsibility around you. Please write to me your opinion and suggestions. You may also log on to www.csrvision.in, our portal which is loaded with plethora of information.