Lal Bahadur Shastri
Small of stature, simple and soft-spoken, Lal Bahadur proved to be one of the heroes of the history of India. A great general in Gandhi’s army of peaceful soldiers of freedom. He became the symbol of India’s valor and self-respect. Lal Bahadur never praised himself. On the contrary he used to say: “I am an ordinary man and not a very bright man.” He never aspired to power. He never worked for it.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak
Bal Gangadhar Tilak was a social reformer and freedom fighter. He was one of the prime architects of modern India and strongest advocates of Swaraj (Self Rule). He was universally recognized as the “Father of Indian Movement”. Tilak was a brilliant politician as well as a profound scholar who believed that independence is the foremost necessity for the well being of a nation. Bal Gangadhar Tilak was born on July 22, 1856 middle class family in Ratnagiri, a small coastal town in southwestern Maharashtra. Tilak’s father, Gangadhar Shastri, was a noted Sanskrit scholar and school teacher at Ratnagiri.
Sarojini Naidu was truly one of the gems of the 20th century India. She was known by the sobriquet “The Nightingale of India”. Her contribution was not confined to the fields of politics only but she was also a renowned poet. The play “Maher Muneer”, written by Naidu at an early age, fetched a scholarship to study abroad. She briefed the struggles of freedom for independence to the political stalwarts of European nations, she had visited. She married Dr. Muthyala Govindarajulu Naidu, a South India. The marriage took place at a time when inter-caste marriage was not acceptable in the society. Her acts helped in raising many eyebrows. In 1905, a collection of poems, she had composed, was published under the title of “Golden Threshold.
Swami Vivekananda was born on 12th January 1863 in Calcutta to Bhuvaneshwari and Vishwanath Datta. Bhuvaneshwari had many daughters and longed for a son. And it is said that a son was born after long worship of Lord Shiva. Bhuvaneshwari believed that her son was gift from Vireshwar Shiva and so named him Bireshwar. As the name was too long, everyone began calling Biley. As a child, Biley was strong-willed but restless. But his mother knew to control him. She would pour a few pots of water on his head saying all the while, “Shiva, Shiva, Shiva!”. Biley was always fascinated by the sanyasis (monks) in their saffron dress.