Palm Oil A factor in climate change

Palm Oil A factor in climate change

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Growing Palm oil trees can be a contributive factor for the climate change. More than 80 per cent of palm oil is grown in Indonesia and Malaysia. It is estimated an area the size of Greece is cleared each year for palm oil plantations.
The industry has boomed as governments and businesses turn to biofuels for low-carbon alternatives to fossil fuels. Palm oil is especially attractive because it is cheaper than rapeseed oil and soybean oil for biodiesel.
Unsustainable methods of growing such biofuels have caused controversy as environmentalists question the emissions savings they make, the agricultural land occupied and whether the certain crops contribute to deforestation.
A paper published in the journal Nature highlights deforestation of peat swamps in Malaysia and how it is releasing carbon which has been locked away for thousands of years.
In their report, the research team found ancient carbon came from deep in the soil, then broke down and dissolved into nearby streams and rivers as deforestation occurred.
Removing the peat swamps makes way for palm oil trees but when the carbon is released, it is penetrated by microbes and releases carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.
Chris Freeman, one of the authors of the report and an environmental scientist at the University of Bangor in Wales, said: "We have known for some time that in South East Asia oil palm plantations were a major threat to biodiversity “.But this discovery of a ‘hidden’ new source of problems in the waters draining these peatlands is a reminder that these fragile ecosystems really are in need of conservation.

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CSR VISION
CSR VISION is India's (probably World's) first monthly magazine in print devoted to CSR and Sustainable Development for bringing together all stakeholders of SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT at a global and local levels and act as a platform for promoting strategic CSR and sustainable development practices through dissemination of information and knowledge.